# Difference between revisions of "David Tombe"

Frederick David Tombe
Born 1958
Residence Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Scientific career
Fields Electromagnetism, Centrifugal Force, Coriolis Force, Aether, Gravity

Frederick David Tombe is a physics and applied mathematics graduate who attended Queen's University Belfast from 1978 to 1982.

## Scientific Research in his own Words

I started electromagnetism in earnest in late 1981, and due to my newfound knowledge of vector field theory I was able to see that the modern textbook derivation of Maxwell's displacement current was totally unsatisfactory. James Clerk Maxwell was a nineteenth century Scottish physicist who is credited with having collectively formulated all the laws of electromagnetism, and in doing so having united electricity, magnetism, and optics into a single topic. During the winter of 1981-82 I was struggling with three aspects in electromagnetism which appeared to have no satisfactory explanations. I was asking the lecturers these three questions,

1. In the magnetic force F = qvxB, what is the velocity term v measured relative to?
2. Where can we see a formal proof of the theory of conservation of energy in connection with magnetic repulsion and attraction between bar magnets? I never doubted that energy is conserved in these cases, but I was having difficulty finding an appropriate expression for magnetic potential energy. The well-known magnetic vector potential did not answer the question. Apart from Lenz's law which touches on the issue, there seemed to be nothing in the textbooks relating to conservation of magnetic energy.
3. How is Maxwell's displacement current correctly derived? The textbook derivation of Maxwell's displacement current is highly dubious. It does not derive the transverse term which is used in the derivation of the EM wave equation, and even at that, the irrotational term which is being derived in its place, is being added as an extra term to Ampère's Circuital Law, rather than being extracted from within the already existing electric current term.

There was a tendency for the lecturers to say that it would all become clear when it is taken in conjunction with Einstein's theories of relativity, but I wanted to first know how these matters were resolved before relativity was invented, bearing in mind that Maxwell's equations were published before Einstein was born. On one occasion during that winter of 1981-82, when I questioned a lecturer as to whether there is anybody of renown in the physics world who questions the veracity of Einstein's relativity, he informed me that he had just been reading an article in the Nature journal concerning a certain late Professor Herbert Dingle and his objections to relativity on the grounds of the clock paradox. The article in question revisited an argument that had taken place in the early 1960s between Dingle and another professor called McCrea.

By 2007 I had it all synchronized into a concise aether theory. The summary is that magnetic attraction between two unlike magnetic poles is more fundamentally due to electrostatic attraction between electrons and positrons in an all-pervading sea of rotating electron-positron dipoles. These dipoles align along their mutual rotation axes, electron to positron, in a double helix manner forming magnetic lines of force as per the prevailing magnetic field. Magnetic attraction is therefore primarily electrostatic attraction channeled along a double helix. Magnetic repulsion between like poles on the other hand is caused by centrifugal pressure acting sideways from the lines of force, induced by the rotation of the constituent electron-positron dipoles. Despite the fact that modern physicists deny the reality of centrifugal force, it is actually crucial to the understanding of magnetic repulsion. Fine-grained centrifugal force is the source of pressure in the medium for the propagation of light, and it's the source of the equation E = mc2. But since it is a consequence of absolute rotation, it challenges the modern paradigm that everything is relative and that there are no absolutes, and so it has been wrongly reduced to a fictitious illusion in the literature. Centrifugal force in fact holds the key to the dismantling of the entire Einstein myth.

## The Lorentz Transformations

The Lorentz transformations can produce the convective term, vxB, from the electrostatic and the time-varying electromagnetic terms. Since this term first appeared in equation (77) of Maxwell’s 1861 paper "On Physical Lines of Force", as a consequence of Maxwell employing the hydrodynamics of a sea of tiny aethereal vortices, it would be a major coincidence if Lorentz’s aether wasn’t actually one and the same thing as Maxwell’s aether, although Lorentz never provided any details of the physical nature of his aether nor anything about its mechanisms. He was simply into ad hoc mathematics with an eye to establishing a symmetry which never existed. It’s also of interest to note that this aspect of the Lorentz transformations is not dependent on the gamma factor which introduces time dilation. As regards the gamma factor, which introduces the relativistic aspects such as length contraction and time dilation, within the context of the Lorentz aether theory, this could simply be an extension of Bernoulli's Principle from its normal domain involving the conservation of potential energy/pressure and kinetic energy/momentum, into the primitive domain of space and time. The motion of ponderable matter through Maxwell's sea of molecular vortices will cause a shear interaction that results in an increase in the internal pressure, which will in turn cause all the atomic and molecular processes to slow down. This is not the same thing as the actual time dilation that is inferred by Einstein's theories after he foolishly cast out the aether. The Earth will still complete an orbit of the Sun, relative to the background stars, in one year, and that's what everybody in the universe will observe. Time dilation within the context of the Lorentz aether theory will not however involve a slowing down of actual time, and it will not involve the clock paradox since there will be no symmetry. The sea of tiny molecular vortices will serve as a physical rest frame within the context of the theory. The gamma factor will be responsible for a distortion in the electrostatic field pattern surrounding a moving electrically charged particle. As the particle nears the speed of light, the electrostatic field will become absorbed into a disc shaped magnetic field. When Einstein re-introduced the aether in 1920 in his address at the University of Leiden, it was only a half-baked aether which was fit for no purpose. It wasn't until the 1930s, when Dirac introduced a sea of electrons and positrons into all of space, that things were starting to get back on track again, but unfortunately the Dirac sea was never applied to electromagnetism, where it should have been. (F.D.T. 24th February 2020)