*New Cosmology Model Shows Relativity in Universal Time and Distant Observations in Euclidean Geometry*

Scientific Paper | |
---|---|

Title |
New Cosmology Model Shows Relativity in Universal Time and Distant Observations in Euclidean Geometry |

Read in full | Link to paper |

Author(s) | Tuomo Suntola |

Keywords | Cosmology, relativity, zero-energy principle, [[]] |

Published | 2001 |

Journal | Apeiron |

Volume | 8 |

Number | 3 |

No. of pages | 35 |

Pages | 97-131 |

**Read the full paper** here

## Abstract

It is natural to think of space as finite but without edges. The simplest geometry that eliminates the edges of a structure is a sphere, and to close a three-dimensional space we need a 4-sphere, the surface of a four-dimensional ball. Describing space as the surface of a four-dimensional sphere contracting and expanding in the direction of the 4-radius gives a view of closed dynamic space where relativistic phenomena appear as consequences of the zero-energy balance in the structure. Instead of being defined as a physical constant the velocity of light appears as the velocity of space in the fourth dimension. The rest energy of mass appears as the energy of motion that mass possesses due to the motion of space and the time-like line element, cdt , in Minkowski space and Schwarzschild metrics shows the distance the 4-radius of space increases in time differential dt.

The spherical geometry together with the changing velocity of light in dynamic, spherical space converts distant observations into Euclidean geometry. Clocks in motion or subject to local gravitational interaction do not lose time because time is distorted; they actually run slower as a result of their state of motion and gravitation in space. The Dynamic Universe model(1) based on the balance of the energies of motion and gravitation in spherically closed space gives precise mathematical expression to relativistic effects and cosmological observations and shows the energy build-up and release of space as a continuous dynamic process from infinity in the past to infinity in the future.