*Black Holes - Fact or Fiction?*

Jump to navigation
Jump to search

Scientific Paper | |
---|---|

Title | Black Holes - Fact or Fiction? |

Read in full | Link to paper |

Author(s) | John O Campbell |

Keywords | Mass, Gravity Field, Schwarzschild's Criterion, Black hole, Schwarzschild |

Published | 1998 |

Journal | Apeiron |

Volume | 5 |

Number | 3-4 |

No. of pages | 6 |

Pages | 151-156 |

**Read the full paper** here

## Abstract

By using mundane static concepts of ?mass? and ?gravity field? energies, it is shown that: (1) Schwarzschild's criterion for black hole formation translates into a critical ratio of mass energy to gravity field energy ~rn/gF < 4; (2) Five objections to black holes are: (a) The scape velocity equation does not apply to light, (b) Curved space-time is a geometrical-physical delusion, (c) Curved space-time is incompatible with both the Lorentz transforms and pure mathematics, (d) The Doppler effect proves light is not affected by the space-time continuum, and (e) Kirchhoffs law for black body radiation is violated; (3) The Planck particle and our Universe are incompatible concepts.