Black Holes - Fact or Fiction?

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Scientific Paper
Title Black Holes - Fact or Fiction?
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Author(s) John O Campbell
Keywords Mass, Gravity Field, Schwarzschild's Criterion, Black hole, Schwarzschild
Published 1998
Journal Apeiron
Volume 5
Number 3-4
No. of pages 6
Pages 151-156

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By using mundane static concepts of ?mass? and ?gravity field? energies, it is shown that: (1) Schwarzschild's criterion for black hole formation translates into a critical ratio of mass energy to gravity field energy ~rn/gF < 4; (2) Five objections to black holes are: (a) The scape velocity equation does not apply to light, (b) Curved space-time is a geometrical-physical delusion, (c) Curved space-time is incompatible with both the Lorentz transforms and pure mathematics, (d) The Doppler effect proves light is not affected by the space-time continuum, and (e) Kirchhoffs law for black body radiation is violated; (3) The Planck particle and our Universe are incompatible concepts.