Earth Complexity vs. Plate Tectonic Simplicity

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Scientific Paper
Title Earth Complexity vs. Plate Tectonic Simplicity
Author(s) Giancarlo Scalera
Keywords Earth complexity, plate tectonic, continents, flat Earth dogmas, cartographers
Published 1994
Journal None
Pages 257-273


A strong impulse to the geosciences was due to the journey of Christopher Columbus and to the subsequent work of contemporary cartographers in mapping the new continents. The similarity of the Atlantic coastline shapes of South America and Africa become immediately evident, transporting the 16th century thought towards new "continents" of ideas and awarenesses. From the sometimes different and attenuated flat Earth dogmas (Randles, 1980) defended by the church in the age of Columbus, three centuries were needed to slowly develop the links with other fields which prompted the French naturalist Buffon to affirm that:

They (elephants, rhinoceroses, hippopotamuses) lived contemporaneusly in the northern region of Europe, Asia and America; a fact revealing that the two continents were once contiguous and that they separated in later epochs. (......) Maybe the separation of Europe from America happened 10,000 years ago.