A History of Dark Matter?

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Scientific Paper
Title A History of Dark Matter?
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Author(s) Paul E Rowe
Keywords {{{keywords}}}
Published 2007
Journal Proceedings of the NPA
Volume 4
Number 2
No. of pages 7
Pages 225

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Abstract

In developing their wave equations, both Huygens and Maxwell assumed space was filled with touching material particles. Since their equations correctly predict important properties of light, their concepts of a material ether were accepted as fact, until early in the twentieth century. Several experimenters, including Sir J.J. Thompson, reported the appearance of surprisingly large quantities of hydrogen gas during electrical discharge in vacuum. Clarence Skinner reported that during electrical discharge in low- pressure helium, hydrogen was produced at the cathode and the initial rate of hydrogen production obeyed Faraday?s laws of electrolysis. He obtained thousands of times more hydrogen from a silver cathode than it could have originally contained. Recently scientists have produced Bose-Einstein Condensed rubidium, sodium and lithium and found that they transmit light at much lower speeds than vacuum. Could dark matter be Bose-Einstein condensed hydrogen and the medium for light transmission?

According to Linus Pauling, atomic hydrogen is paramagnetic. If Bose-Einstein condensed hydrogen is a matrix of protons and unpaired electrons, it would be paramagnetic and have dielectric properties. The presence of such a matrix permits simple explanations of the forces between separated permanent magnets.