Fixed-Earth and Expanding-Earth Theories -- Time for a Paradigm Shift? -- Version 2

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Scientific Paper
Title Fixed-Earth and Expanding-Earth Theories -- Time for a Paradigm Shift? -- Version 2
Author(s) David Noel
Keywords {{{keywords}}}
Published 2004
Journal None

Abstract

We can characterize those theories which assume the Earth has maintained an essentially fixed radius over geological ages as Fixed-Earth theories, and those which assume that the Earth?s radius has increased markedly over such ages as Expanding-Earth theories. Fixed-Earth theories assume that the Earth has always been as it overtly appears today, and, due to lack of considering contrary evidence, is the currently-accepted paradigm among most scientists and the general public. But examining the accumulated evidence supporting Expanding-Earth theories now makes Fixed-Earth totally untenable, and it is time for a paradigm shift to recognize Expanding-Earth as the accepted norm. This article reviews the accumulation of evidence and deduction over the past several centuries, with indications of how this evidence best fits one or another of these theories