*Gravitational Energy and the Flatness Problem*

Scientific Paper | |
---|---|

Title | Gravitational Energy and the Flatness Problem |

Read in full | Link to paper |

Author(s) | Ronald R Hatch |

Keywords | General Relativity |

Published | 1999 |

Journal | None |

No. of pages | 5 |

**Read the full paper** here

## Abstract

The frequency of an atomic clock is driven by the energy difference between excited states of an atom. Since the frequency of an atomic clock is a function of the gravitational potential, the energy difference must likewise be a function of the gravitational potential. Thus, the Pound-Rebka experiment rather than showing that a falling photon picked up energy, simply showed a higher frequency by comparison to a lower reference frequency. The frequency (energy) of a falling photon is unchanged. This shows that the General Theory of Relativity is wrong?gravity does not act on all forms of energy. This revision of gravitational effects is explored. Significant implications arise and potential explanations for significant ongoing problems in cosmology are developed.