Peter Rowlands

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Peter Rowlands
Peter Rowlands
Residence Liverpool, United Kingdom
Nationality English
Known for Unification, General Relativity, Quantum Theory, Mach's Principle
Scientific career
Fields Professor of Physics

BSc (Hons): Physics; University of Manchester, UK; 1970
PhD; Physics; University of Manchester, UK; 1975
MInstP 1986; CPhys 1986; MBCS 2004

Research Fellow, Department of Physics, University of Liverpool (1987 to date)
Governor / Honorary Governor, Manchester College, Oxford (1993 to date)

Previous appointments: Project Leader, ICI Mond Division, 1976-77, MD, NVA Ltd, 1977-81, Lecturer in Physics, etc, and other positions up to HoD, De La Salle College and Pendleton, College, Manchester, 1981-99


  • Fundamental symmetries foundational to physics, in particular a group structure relating the fundamental parameters space, time, mass and charge.
  • A universal rewrite system derived from the concept zero, in collaboration with computer scientist Bernard Diaz.
  • A nilpotent version of relativistic quantum mechanics, with significant applications in particle physics and cosmology.
  • Fundamental mathematical structures relating to physics and biology, in collaboration with biologist Vanessa Hill (Royal Holloway College, University of London).
  • Application of rewrite concept to analysis of large-scale systems in physics, biology, theoretical computing, etc., in collaboration with Peter Marcer.
  • Also work on history of science, including books and articles on Newton, Oliver Lodge, Fr?hlich, Rotblat, etc., and work on the epistemology of science (Why does physics work?).


  • Best paper for Symposium on The Fundamental Semantic Foundations of the Sciences: Computational Rewrite Systems at VII CASYS Conference, Li?ge, 2005.
  • Best paper for Symposium on Rewrite Science ? the Universal Semantic Calclulus and Grammatical Cosmos at VIII CASYS Conference, Li?ge, 2007, with Vanessa Hill.


  • Oliver Lodge and the Liverpool Physical Society, Liverpool University Press, 1990.
  • Newton and the Concept of Mass-Energy, Liverpool University Press, 1990.
  • The Fundamental Parameters of Physics: An Approach towards a Unified Theory, PD Publications, Liverpool , 1991.
  • Waves Versus Corpuscles: The Revolution That Never Was, PD Publications, Liverpool, 1992.
  • A Revolution Too Far: The Establishment of General Relativity, PD Publications, Liverpool, 1994.
  • Oliver Lodge and the Invention of Radio, PD Publications, Liverpool, 1994, editor with J. Patrick Wilson, and author of: ?Preface' (with JPW), ?Radiowaves', 39-66, ?Radio begins in 1894', 75-114, ?Waves from the Sun', 125-136, ?The Significance of the aether', 137-144.
  • 120 Years of Excellence, The Physics Department at The University of Liverpool 1881-2001, U-P L Communications, Liverpool, 2001.
  • Herbert Fr?hlich: A Physicist Ahead of His Time, editor, with G. J. Hyland, University of Liverpool, 2006.
  • War and Peace: The Life and Work of Sir Joseph Rotblat, editor, with T. V. Attwood, and author of ?Introduction', pp 5-20 (with TVA), and ?Sir Joseph Rotblat as Teacher and Research Director', pp 75-86, University of Liverpool, 2006.
  • 125 Years of Excellence, The Physics Department at The University of Liverpool 1881-2006, PD Publications, Liverpool, 2006.
  • Zero to Infinity, World Scientific, Singapore, Hackensack, NJ, and London, October, 2007.

Papers (Selected):

* Applications of the nilpotent Dirac state vector (with J. P. Cullerne) * QED using the nilpotent formalism (with J. P. Cullerne) * The Dirac algebra and grand unification (with J. P. Cullerne) * A foundational approach to physics * The Factor 2 in Fundamental Physics * The Group Structure Bases of a Foundational Approach to Physics (with J. P. Cullerne and B. D. Koberlein) * A universal alphabet and rewrite system (with Bernard Diaz) * The Nilpotent Dirac Equation and its Applications in Particle Physics * Removing redundancy in relativistic quantum mechanics * What is vacuum?


  • 2010 - "[[Dual Vector Spaces as a Basis for Physics