Science or Pseudoscience: Magnetic Healing, Psychic Phenomena, and Other Heterodoxies

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Science or Pseudoscience: Magnetic Healing, Psychic Phenomena, and Other Heterodoxies
Science or Pseudoscience: Magnetic Healing, Psychic Phenomena, and Other Heterodoxies 945.jpg
Author Henry H Bauer
Published 2004
Publisher University of Illinois Press
Pages 296
ISBN 0252072162

A book that all scientists should read, and a book that all who are interested in the unexplainable will want to read, Bauer explores how examining anomalies have profited humankind and restores the respectability - and necessity - of such pursuits in a fascinating overview of science and the pursuit of the unknown. Although science attempts to draw a clear line separating its endeavours from those of 'pseudoscience', Henry Bauer reveals that the distinction is both equivocal and misleading. Setting aside science's snowy mantle of truth, Bauer presents pseudoscience - or anomalistics - not as the opposite of science but as something that develops parallel to it. Science assumes anomalies - that is, phenomena that contradict the existing store of knowledge - result from error, contamination, or even deception: in short, from bad research technique, at best, and deliberate hoax, at worst. Anomalists, by contrast, accept such occurrences, often on the basis of eyewitness claims, as important in themselves and worthy of further study, even if they contradict prevailing theories and offer a minimal degree of reproducibility. "Science or Pseudoscience" explores the diffuse and porous borders between mainstream and unorthodoxy. A scientist himself, Bauer points out that some phenomena that have turned out to be spurious, such as polywater and cold fusion, were for a time taken quite seriously by respected members of the scientific community. Other anomalies, such as ball lightning and meteorites, were dismissed by many scientists but turned out to be legitimate discoveries.Meanwhile, science has failed to prove that phenomena encompassed by the 'big three' subjects in anomalistics - parapsychology, ufology, and cryptozoology (e.g., the Loch Ness monster) - do not exist. Rather, science theorizes that these phenomena cannot exist, since today's scientific laws seem to hold them to be impossible. Bauer discusses anomalies such as archaeoastronomy (e.g., Stonehenge) and bioelectromagnetics and looks at how institutional, commercial, and political interests influence borderline research in mainstream laboratories. He also draws a distinction between fraud and commercial huckstering, on the one hand, and genuine knowledge-seeking about matters ignored by the established intellectual disciplines, on the other. Bauer notes that the more closely anomalistic research approaches science, the more strenuously it is criticized by the establishment, often in terms of heresy. Reminding us that geniuses are cranks who happen to be right while cranks may be geniuses who happen to be wrong, "Science or Pseudoscience" offers a measured and thoughtful assessment of this volatile debate. Reviews:

"[Bauer] is admirably suited to discuss the similarities and differences between the sciences -- especially the physical sciences -- and subjects that have been labeled pseudoscience, voodoo science, heretical science, and mysticism... Bauer's treatment is calm and civilized, and although one may disagree on where on a science-pseudoscience continuum a particular anomaly may lie, one cannot but respect Bauer's position." -- Russell F. Trimble, Science Books & Films

"Bauer develops persuasive arguments for anomalistics, including the historical studies. Its various topics attract popular interest and generate important issues for science studies. It is a useful subject in university courses, as it encourages students to think for themselves rather than following authority." -- Alex Dolby, British Journal for the History of Science

"A well-conceived, nobly motivated work that will be widely referenced in the future. Professor Bauer is extraordinarily perceptive, intelligent, fair to a fault, yet unafraid to challenge the sacred cows of science, personal and public gullibility, and any form of exploitative motivation on either side of the issue. His is a courageous, probably unpopular, possibly even ominous message that desperately needs to be expressed." -- Robert G. Jahn, coauthor of Margins of Reality: The Role of Consciousness in the Physical World

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