# Domina Eberle Spencer

Domina Eberle Spencer | |
---|---|

Born | September 26, 1920 |

Residence | Roxbury Crossing, MA, United States |

Nationality | USA |

Known for | Electrodynamics, Gaussian Dynamics |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Professor of Mathematics |

Domina Eberle Spencer, born in 1920, came to MIT as a high school student in a summer program and stayed on to earn three degrees, her SB in Physics in 1939, SM in Mathematics in 1940, and PhD in Mathematics in 1942. A Professor of Mathematics at the University of Connecticut for the last half century, she has also taught at American University, Tufts, and Brown University. During the 1950s, Spencer co-authored a series of articles with Prof. Parry Moon (1898-1988) on electrodynamics and induction based on Ampere's original force law, deriving results contrary to Einstein's theory of relativity. The Moon and Spencer duo united their efforts through marriage, and went on to write several textbooks in the 1960s, including their unique and useful Field Theory Handbooks. After Moon's death in 1988, semi-retired Spencer became very active in alternative physics. She co-founded the Natural Philosophy Alliance (NPA) in 1993 and remains the organization's president, having presented over 50 times at its annual meetings. At age 88, Spencer continues to develop her unique New Gaussian Electrodynamics, which operates without Einstein's relativity. In all, she has authored a staggering 300 technical articles during her long career. Her alternative theory is in the Gaussian-Weberian-Ritzian tradition, and she agrees with Gauss that the most fundamental task of electrodynamics is to discover the correct equation for the force between relatively moving charges. Domina Eberle Spencer, *MIT Integral*, V3, p. 4 (Autumn 2008).

**Research Interests**

Tensors; Field Theory; Partial Differential Equations; Integral Equations; Optics; Vision; Illuminating Engineering; Foundations of Electrodynamics

**Education**

- S.B. 1939 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- S.M. 1940 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Ph.D. 1942 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

**Articles:** (with [/php2/index.php?tab0=Scientists&tab1=Scientists&tab2=Display&id=436 Parry H. Moon])

- "A Metric for Colorspace,"
*J. Opt. Soc. Am*, V33, pp. 260-266 (1943).. - "Geometric Figures in Affine Space?,
*J. Math. Phys.*, V23, p. 1 (1944). - "The Tensor Interpretation of the Figures of Study's 'Geometrie der Dynamen',"
*J. Math Phys.*, V23, p. 103 (1944). - "The Visual Effect of Non-Uniform Surrounds,"
*J. Opt. Soc. Am.*, V35, N3, pp. 233-247 (1945). - "Analytical Representation of Trichromatic Data,"
*J. Opt. Soc. Am.*, V35, N6, pp. 399-427 (1945). - "Polynomial Representation of Reflectance Curves,"
*J. Opt. Soc. Am.*, V35, N9, pp. 597-598 (1945). - "Luminous Ceiling Lighting,"
*Illuminating Engineering*, pp. 465-472 (Aug 1949). - "Binary Stars and the Velocity of Light",
*Journal of the Optical Society of America*, V43, pp. 635-641 (1953). - "Electromagnetism Without Magnetism: An Historical Approach",
*American Journal of Physics*, V22, N3, pp. 120-124 (Mar 1954). - "Interpretation of the Ampere Force",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V257, pp. 203-220 (1954). - "The Coulomb Force and the Ampere Force,
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V257, pp. 305-315 (1954). - "A New Electrodynamics",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V257, N5, pp. 369-382 (1954). - "Electromagnetism, Old and New: A Reply",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V258, N11, pp. 389- (1954). - "A Postulational Approach to Electromagnetism",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V259, N4, pp. 293-305 (1955). - "On Electromagnetic Induction",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V260, N9, pp. 213-226 (1955). - "On the Ampere Force",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V260, pp. 295-311 (1955). - "Some Electromagnetic Paradoxes",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V260, pp. 373-395 (1955). - "On the Establishment of Universal Time",
*Philosophy of Science*, V23, pp. 216-229 (1956). - "The Cosmological Principle and the Cosmological Constant",
*Journal of the Franklin Institute*, V266, pp. 47-58 (1958). - "Retardation in Cosmology",
*Philosophy of Science*, V25, pp. 287-292 (1958). - "Mach's Principle,"
*Philosophy of Science*, V26, pp. 125-134 (1959).

## Abstracts

- 2010 - "The Nutrition Triangle" (Read in full)
- 2009 - "[[Electromagnetic Postulates and Unipolar Induction

]]"

- 2009 - "The Holor Representation of Chemistry"
- 2009 - "The Holor Trinity"
- 2008 - "The Fields of the Future"
- 2008 - "The Holor Representation of Entanglement"
- 2007 - "Criteria for the Study of Natural Philosophy "
- 2007 - "The Holor Representation of Rigid Body Motion"
- 2007 - "The 21st Century Form of Newton?s Gravitational Equation"
- 2007 - "The Stability of a Spinning Charged Ring"
- 2006 - "The Spinning Charged Ring"
- 2005 - "The Development of the New Gaussian Equation for the Force Between Moving Charges"
- 2005 - "Developments on the Postulate on the Velocity of Light in the Twentieth Century"
- 2005 - "The Gravitational Explanation of the Seasonal Variations in Chemical Processes Observed by Roberto and Emilio Monti"
- 2005 - "The Spinning Charged Ring"
- 2004 - "Comparative Analysis of the Doppler Shift Based on Two Postulates on the Velocity of Light"
- 2004 - "Comparison of the Classical Electromagnetic Theory with the New Gaussian Electromagnetic Theory"
- 2003 - "The Interpretation of Jorge Cur?'s Modified Millikan Oil Drop Experiment"
- 2003 - "The Jorge Cur? Postulate on the Electrical Nature of Cancer"
- 2002 - "The Interpretation of the Sagnac Experiment"
- 2001 - "Global Positioning Systems in Intelligent Transport Systems and the Postulate on the Velocity of Light"
- 2001 - "The Interpretation of the Railgun Experiments of Graneau and Mueller"
- 2000 - "In What Coordinate System Are the Electrodynamic Equations Valid?"
- 2000 - "Divergence and Curl: The Fundamental Formulation of Electromagnetic Theory"
- 2000 - "The Graneau Experiments"
- 2000 - "The Interpretation of Four Famous Experiments"
- 2000 - "New Gaussian Equation for the Force Between Current Elements"
- 2000 - "Path of a Moving Charge in a Uniform Electric Field"
- 2000 - "Twenty-first Century Electrodynamics"
- 1999 - "Criteria for Electrodynamics in the Next Millennium"
- 1999 - "The Development of the Universal Time Postulate on the Velocity of Light"
- 1999 - "The Electrodynamic Interpretation of Mass Variation"
- 1999 - "The Evaluation of the Unipolar Induction Integrals"
- 1999 - "High Velocity Applications of Electrodynamics"
- 1999 - "The Interpretation of the Velocity of Light"
- 1998 - "The Electrodynamic Formulation of the Hering Furnace and Overhead Welding: Three Viewpoints"
- 1998 - "Electromagnetic Fields from Three Viewpoints"
- 1998 - "The General Electromagnetic Formulation of the Unipolar Induction Problem"
- 1998 - "The Motion of an Electric Charge in a Uniform Electric Field: Three Viewpoints"
- 1998 - "Parry Moon 1898-1988: A Search for the Foundations of Relativity"
- 1998 - "The Reality of Universal Time"
- 1998 - "Unipolar Induction from Three Viewpoints"
- 1998 - "Visualizing the Postulates of the Velocity of Light"
- 1997 - "Our Debt to Einstein"
- 1997 - "The Hering Experiment from Three Viewpoints"
- 1997 - "Overhead Welding from Three Viewpoints"
- 1997 - "Synchronization of Clocks"
- 1997 - "The Transformation Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Vectors"
- 1997 - "The Transformation Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Vectors"
- 1997 - "Weber's Equation and the Scalar Potential"
- 1996 - "Gaussian Electrodynamics and the Constancy of Mass"
- 1996 - "Holors, Tensors, and the Mystery of Inertia"
- 1996 - "A New Interpretation of the Hafele-Keating Experiment" (Read in full)
- 1996 - "Sagnac-Type Experiments and the Postulate on the Velocity of Light"
- 1996 - "Stellar Aberration and the Postulates on the Velocity of Light" (Read in full)
- 1995 - "The Development of the New Gaussian Equation for the Force Between Moving Charges"
- 1995 - "Interpretations of the Kaufmann Experiment"
- 1995 - "New Gaussian Equation for Force between Moving Charges"
- 1994 - "The Electrodynamics of Gauss, Neumann, and Hertz" (Read in full)
- 1994 - "Experimental Support for the Validity of the Gaussian EM..."
- 1994 - "The Force Between Current Elements" (Read in full)
- 1994 - "The Gaussian Electrodynamic Force"
- 1994 - "The Gaussian Form of the Maxwell Equations"
- 1994 - "The History of the Mathematical Representation of Electromagnetic Theory"
- 1994 - "The Holor Representation of Polarization"
- 1994 - "A New Interpretation of the Doppler Shift"
- 1994 - "Partial and Total Derivatives and the Force Between Current Elements"
- 1994 - "Partial and Total Derivatives and the Hairpin Experiment of Ampere and de la Rive"
- 1994 - "Partial and Total Derivatives in Retarded Force Equations"
- 1994 - "Universal Time and the Velocity of Light"
- 1993 - "The Electrodynamic Interpretation of the Weld Problem"
- 1993 - "Can Maxwell's Equations be Derived from the Lorenz Retarded Potentials?"
- 1993 - "Revision of Relative Velocity Equation for the Force Between Moving Charges"
- 1993 - "Transformation Equations in Accelerated Coordinate Systems" (Read in full)
- 1992 - "A Comparison of Three Equations for the Force Between Current Elements "
- 1992 - "Total and Partial Derivatives"
- 1958 - "The New Electrodynamics and its Bearing on Relativity"

## Books

- 2013 - "Foundations of Electrodynamics" (Read in full)
- 1986 / 2005 (pb) - "Theory of Holors: A Generalization of Tensors" (Read in full)
- 1981 - "The Photic Field" (Read in full)
- 1969 / 1971 / 1981 - "Partial Differential Equations" (Read in full)
- 1961 / 1988 - "Field Theory Handbook: Including Coordinate Systems, Differential Equations and Their Solutions" (Read in full)
- 1961 - "Field Theory for Engineers" (Read in full)
- 1960 - "Foundations of Electrodynamics" (Read in full)

## Media

- 1994 - Universal Time and the Velocity of Light (Video Lecture)