Charles William Lucas
|Charles William Lucas|
|Born||March 21, 1942|
|Residence||Mechanicsville, MD, United States|
|Known for||Universal Electrodynamic Force, Nuclear Structure, Atomic Structure, Elementary Particle Structure, Molecular Structure, Force of Gravity, Force of Inertia, Origin of Life at Molecular Level, Unificat|
Dr. Charles William Lucas is an American physicist, author, and inventor who is best known for unifying the four forces of physics with his universal force equation and unifying a more perfect union of the axiomatic and empirical scientific methods. Lucas was ousted from mainstream physics after his criticism of Einstein's theories and he continued his own work on unifying the forces through organizations such as Common Sense Science (which he is one of the founders), and the Natural Philosophy Alliance and later the John Chappell Natural Philosophy Society.
Lucas' education was highly focused on science from his early childhood.
Dr. Charles Lucas began his scientific career while in 9th grade when he was taking biology at Fairfax High School in Fairfax, VA. For his biology science project, he made a leaf collection and discovered that leaves are arranged on a branch of a tree in patterns of 1 or 3 or 5 or 7 or 11 or 13, etc. The number of lobes in a leaf of a tree follows the same pattern. The number of veins in a leaf lobe also follows the same pattern which the ancient Greeks defined as chiral symmetry.
That same year Dr. Lucas helped his father build the new family house in Vienna, Virginia. Using the leftover glass window panes from the windows he constructed a large electrical capacitor consisting of a stack of window panes with tin foil in between each pane and connected on one side. Using leftover wires he created a large coil on a cardboard tube. From a neon sign company he obtained a used high voltage transformer. With these things he was able to construct a Tesla Coil with visible lightning going out about 20 feet. Putting this Tesla Coil behind a cinderblock wall in the basement and turning it on, he walked into another room on the other side of the wall and picked up a long fluorescent light bulb and entertained his family with how he could light up the bulb by just touching it with no wires. During his senior year of high school Dr. Lucas was selected as a Virginia State Merit Scholar for graduating 2nd in his class. He was a National Merit Scholar as determined by the National Merit examinations.
During his senior year of high school he also learned of a competitive examination physics scholarship at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA. Through a friend’s older brother who had taken the scholarship exam years earlier he learned that the exam appeared to consist of physics problems from all the undergraduate physics courses final exams. Borrowing copies of the final exams from this older student, he studied all of these undergraduate physics courses and learned to solve the exam type problems. When he took the scholarship exam that year, he won it and got the highest score of any previous contestant.
Later that year the National Science Foundation (NSF), in an attempt to catch up with the Russians in the space race, set up a program to create an elite group of scientists in the United States. They invited the best high school physics student in each state to a much accelerated program where they were given the best possible undergraduate education in science and math in 3 months by the best college teachers in the United States. Dr. Lucas was selected to represent the state of Virginia. He went to the campus of Emory and Henry College in Emory, VA with 49 other students from the 49 other states and was taught undergraduate physics and math by the best professors at Cal Tech, Stanford, Harvard, MIT, etc. He was one of the two best students in the program that summer.
At the end of the summer Dr. Lucas went to the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA. When he went to registration for the first semester he asked for advanced placement to the senior level in physics. The Physics Department had never had such an advanced student and did not know what to do. Finally they decided that he should try teaching each of the subjects he was skipping to make sure that he understood the subject. He did that and was paid for teaching. He was also paid to tutor the college football team players in physics, math and economics that year.
At the end of his freshman year, Dr. Lucas applied to NSF for a research grant to build a microwave antenna and polarimeter in order to study the cosmic background radiation of the universe. He received the research grant that was normally awarded only to Ph.D. scientists due to his participation in the NSF program for gifted and talented students starting his sophomore year. He built from scratch the first microwave polarimeter and used it in conjunction with a NASA microwave antenna owned by the Plasma Physics Laboratory at the College of William and Mary. The results of his research were published in the Virginia Academy of Science journal and presented at the annual meeting in 1963 for which he graduated with honors in physics. Two years later some of his cosmic microwave experiments were repeated by two researchers at Princeton University for which they received a Nobel Prize.
Upon graduation from the College of William and Mary in 1964 with a B.S. in Physics with Honors, a member of Sigma Pi Sigma Physics Honor Society and a member of Phi Beta Kappa National Honor Society. Dr. Lucas applied to graduate school at the world’s largest physics department located at the University of Maryland under the leadership of Dr. John Toll. That fall Dr. Lucas was one of the 600 new entering graduate students in physics with a Graduate Teaching Assistantship. Because he had 4 years’ experience teaching undergraduate physics courses with good success, he was selected to teach the calculus-based Physics for pre-med students course. This class consisted of 1,000 pre-med students and Dr. Lucas had 17 graduate teaching assistants assisting him to run the labs, recitation sessions and testing center. This physics course had been a problem course in the previous year when taught by the same professor who also taught the similar calculus-based Physics for Science Majors course. The pre-med students did not do as well on their tests and labs as the science majors. When the professor assigned the pre-med students only Cs, Ds and Fs the Dean of the Faculty complained that none of the pre-med students could go to medical school without getting at least a B in the course, and forced the professor to grade on a curve so that at least 75% of the pre-med students got an A or B. As a result the former teacher of the course refused to continue to teach the Physics for Pre-Med course, because he could not use a lower standard in one course than the other on the same subject matter.
Dr. Lucas initiated a new way of teaching the course. Besides having laboratory and recitation sessions he created a testing center with tests for the 36 chapters in the textbook for the course. The student’s grades in the course were determined by how many chapter tests they passed with a 70% or higher. If a student failed a chapter test, they could take it a second or third time at their convenience at the testing center until they passed. Each time they took the chapter test it was different but similar. Most of the students responded well to the testing procedures and met the standards for an A or B in the course.
The previous professor complained that the pre-med students were still meeting a lower standard, and if they took the same final exam they would all fail. When Dr. Lucas mentioned that in the class toward the end of the year, the pre-med students agreed to take the same final exam as the Physics for Science Majors course but their grade would still be determined by the procedures being used in the testing center. When they took the same final exam as the science majors, they mostly got A’s and B’s using those standards and almost the same identical grade that were going to receive through the testing center procedures. The Dean of the Faculty was so impressed that he awarded Dr. Lucas the faculty of the Year Award with a cash prize of half his regular salary.
All M.S. and Ph.D. candidates in Physics at the University of Maryland were required to get a score of 96 percentile on the Physics Graduate Record exam. Dr. Lucas received a 99 percentile ranking on the Graduate Record exam in physics. During his second year in graduate school he passed the Comprehensive Exam in Physics and the Graduate Record Exams in French and German for his two scientific languages in order to qualify to do a thesis for a M.S. or Ph.D. in physics. Of the 600 entering graduate students each year only about 15 got an M.S. and only about 5 got a Ph.D.
During his second year in graduate school Dr. Lucas began his experimental thesis in solid state physics for measuring the temperature dependence of the saturation magnetization of nickel to 6 significant figures in order to determine which of the three competing techniques for measuring the saturation magnetization of nickel was correct. Previously the temperature dependence of the magnetization of nickel had only been measured to 2-3 significant figures over the temperature range of liquid helium to room temperature. The three different methods used previously did not agree with one another. Dr. Lucas grew a large pure nickel single crystal. Then he cut the nickel crystal along a specific direction in the crystal lattice in the form of a thin disk. Next he built a microwave cavity and glued the nickel disk to the bottom of the cavity. Then he grew a small DPPH crystal that could be used to measure the saturation magnetization of nickel to high accuracy. With the microwave resonance data from the DPPH crystals he was able to measure the saturation magnetization to 6 significant figures and to show that only one of the previous methods of measuring the saturation magnetization of nickel was reliable to within their claimed experimental precision.
When Dr. Lucas presented and defended his thesis before the defense committee, the members noted that his thesis was one of the best and most significant that they had ever reviewed. The thesis was published as Technical Report No. 696 July 1967 by the Department of Physics and Astronomy.
After receiving his M. S. in Solid State Physics, Dr. Lucas returned to the College of William and Mary to work on his Ph. D. on pionic, kaonic, and muonic atoms. While he had been in graduate school at the University of Maryland, William and Mary had received a grant to create the Space Radiation Effects Laboratory (SREL). The physics department hired about twenty faculty from Carnegie Mellon University and the architects of a similar accelerator facility at CERN that did not work very well when built. Working on a shoestring budget compared to CERN’s budget, they succeeded in building an accelerator with 1,000 times the beam intensity of the CERN accelerator.
Dr. Lucas received the one and only graduate fellowship awarded by the College of William and Mary to study pionic atoms. In his first year back at William and Mary he passed his comprehensive examination in physics plus the language exams in French and German with the highest scores of all other graduate students in physics. For his thesis he participated in many of the experiments at SREL with pionic atoms. Working with Dr. Ray Southworth, the new head of the Computer Science Department at the College of William and Mary, Dr. Lucas developed a new mathematical technique for solving non-linear complex second order differential equations to analyze the pionic atom data. This enabled the pionic atom to be used as a probe to explore the nucleus of atoms and the interaction of pions with the nucleons inside the nucleus. The lowest energy atomic pion shells were inside the nucleus while the lowest energy electron shells were outside the nucleus.
Dr. Lucas received his Ph.D. for his thesis on Pionic Atoms in 1972 from the College of William and Mary. When he applied for postdoctoral positions at various universities, he was accepted at the highest ranking physics Post Doc position in America which was at Catholic University in Washington, DC at that time. There he published many papers on pions and pionic atoms. His presence on the faculty enabled the physics department to get a grant to treat 1000 inoperable brain tumor patients using pion beams. The work was done at the Los Alamos Accelerator Center in Los Alamos, New Mexico. There a beam of pions was created by colliding high energy protons into carbon blocks and using magnets and other techniques to separate the pions from all the other particles created. These pions were formed into a focused beam with just enough energy to get through the skin and scalp of the patient and into the brain tumor where the negative pions replaced electrons in millions of atoms. The pions cascaded down into the atomic shells inside the nucleus and caused the nucleus to split into two very different atoms. X-rays were given off at the position of damage allowing the local doctors to both see the tumors and the keep the beam damage confined to within the tumors. Approximately 990 of the 1000 patients with inoperable brain tumors survived the pion radiation with the damaged inoperable brain tumors being removed by the immune system of the patient’s body.
While at Catholic University Dr. Lucas gave two talks and published two papers in the Bulletin of the American Physical Society in which he showed that the assumptions of Special and General Relativity Theory are known by experiment to be false thereby falsifying these scientific theories. The politically correct scientific community did not like the public revealing of these problems with relativity theory. So the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation sent a letter to the President of Catholic University demanding that Dr. Lucas be fired immediately. If the university failed to fire Dr. Lucas, all the grants from DOE and NSF would be terminated causing about 27 faculty in the Physics Department to lose their source of income. The University was forced to reluctantly fire Dr. Lucas. After that Dr. Lucas got a job with the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE) where he helped maintain an on-line database of scientific research by the state and federal government plus non-profit corporations. He personally created the descriptions of each research project in the area of physics and determined the key index terms for each research project in physics. While working there Dr. Lucas continued publishing many scientific papers.
While Dr. Lucas was there, he also invented the super-microcomputer for use at the Smithsonian to replace a large IBM mainframe computer and save half of the budget for SSIE. The President of SSIE wanted to keep the expensive IBM mainframe computer, because it was subsidized by the U. S. Congress. So he contracted Dr. Lucas to work in Crystal City, VA for the U.S. Naval Material Command. There he demonstrated the possibilities of using super-microcomputers to replace whole DOD computer centers. The admirals of the Naval Material Command were impressed with the demonstrations of the super-micro and put Dr. Lucas on the DOD ADP Steering Committee.
Not long after that the President and vice-President of SSIE had a major disagreement. The vice-President was fired by the President. In retaliation the former Vice-President succeeded in having the Congressional subsidy of SSIE removed. That caused the dissolution of SSIE and caused all the employees to find other employment. At that point a neighbor of Dr. Lucas who was in charge of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric (NOAA) Computer Center at the Federal Center in Maryland hired him to help manage the 500 computer centers in NOAA and to automate the financial management systems at NOAA, NIST, and the Census Bureau. Dr. Lucas replaced many of these computer centers with 1 or 2 super-microcomputers. Previously they had consisted of a large number of mainframe and mini-computers. At the time that the Department of Commerce staff that controlled NOAA who had been supporting the use of super-microcomputers retired. After that the NOAA head of computer centers told Dr. Lucas that if he did not leave NOAA he would be fired, because the government is not in the business of saving money. The practice in NOAA was to allow administrators that approved contracts to run the over 500 computer centers to receive presents or kickbacks from the contractors whose bids that they accepted for running a computer center. The computer centers that used to cost millions of dollars a year to run, cost only $8,000 to set up and put in a closet for years of service. There were no kickbacks given to the administrators when super-microcomputers were used. This save NOAA billions of dollars.
While working at NOAA Dr. Lucas published many scientific papers and spoke before multiple scientific societies in Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Spain, Canada, and the United States. He also derived a universal electro-dynamic force law that describes physical phenomena on all size scales throughout the universe including the force of gravity, the force of inertia, and what he terms "the pulse of life," on the molecular scale and a new paradigm for medicine based on longitudinal radiation. Using the universal force law he refined the Bergman ring model to describe the complete set of elementary particles, their decay schemes, reactions, and excited states by introducing the classical concept of stable elementary particles being composed of primary, secondary and tertiary level three dimensional closed toroidal strings that reflect the chiral symmetry of the universal force. This classical model conserves energy, total number of charge strings, and unique angular momentum configurations of the primary strings in all decays and reactions.
In 1990 Dr. Lucas met David Bergman, and their collaboration led to the founding of Common Sense Science in 1997. Many of Lucas's most groundbreaking papers were published in CSS's journal, Foundations of Science.
Dr. Lucas is a frequent speaker at science conferences and has been featured in many programs by Cornerstone TV on a syndicated program entitled "Origins." In 2007 he presented a three credit 45 hour college course on creation at the International Baptist Bible College of Ukraine in Russian based on the universal electrodynamic force being identified from the Bible as the divine force. From the universal electrodynamic force alone he was able to describe many aspects of the creation, the mechanism causing Noah's flood, what happened to all the water after the flood, and what caused the division of the continents 101 years later. In 2008 he spoke at VA Tech on "The Expansion of the Earth due to the Decay of Gravity". He has been an invited speaker at the Electric Universe conferences in Las Vegas and the Tesla Society in Albuquerque, NM.
Dr. Lucas is married to Alice Pittard Lucas and has three married sons (John, Joseph,and Daniel) and a married daughter Amy. John and Joseph attended Oxen Hill Science and Technology High School. John received a prize from the Westinghouse Science Talent Search and an appointment to the U.S. Air Force Academy. Joseph graduate first in his class at Oxon Hill Science and Technology, received the Grand Prize at the International Science Fair held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada in 1995, and full scholarships in physics to Cal Tech and Harvard the number 1 and 2 universities in physics in the U. S. Daniel followed his father's work in computers and develops new computer web applications for stock brokerage companies and health companies. Dr. Lucas currently lives in Mechanicsville, Maryland.
- 1961 NASA grant to study the microwave background and it polarization
- 1964 B.S. with Honors in Physics, William and Mary
- 1965 University of Maryland Graduate School Faculty Award
- 2013 Who's Who Professional Physicist of the Year for publication of the book The Universal Force Volume 1 - Derived From A More Perfect Union of the Axiomatic and Empirical Scientific Methods
- 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the John Chappell Natural Philosophy Society
- 2016 - "The Trouble with Modern Physics and the Solution Based on Logic and Metatheory"
- 2013 - "The Structure and Symmetry of the Universe"
- 2012 - "The Need for Reformation in Modern Science Based on Universal Truth, Structuralism and Euclidean Geometry" (Read in full)
- 2012 - "Symmetry of Nature Confirms Universal Electrodynamic Force" (Read in full)
- 2011 - "Electrodynamic Origin of Gravitational Forces" (Read in full)
- 2011 - "New Solar System Force, Decay of Gravity, and Expansion of the Solar System" (Read in full)
- 2011 - "[[Union of Euclid?s Axiomatic Method with Newton?s Empirical
Scientific Method Leads to an Improved Electrodynamic Force]]" (Read in full)
- 2011 - "The Universal Electrodynamic Force" (Read in full)
- 2010 - "Confirmation of New Solar System Force Supports Universal Electrodynamic Force" (Read in full)
- 2010 - "The Symmetry and Beauty of the Universe" (Read in full)
- 2009 - "Electrodynamic Model of the Nucleus (Letter to the Editor)" (Read in full)
- 2009 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Gravity, Part 2" (Read in full)
- 2009 - "Structuralism ? Key to Reality and Meaning in Science" (Read in full)
- 2008 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Gravity, Part 1" (Read in full)
- 2008 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia, Part 3" (Read in full)
- 2008 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia, Part 2" (Read in full)
- 2007 - "Derivation of the Universal Force Law, Part 4" (Read in full)
- 2007 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia, Part 1" (Read in full)
- 2006 - "A Classical Electrodynamic String Theory of Elementary Particles"
- 2006 - "A Classical Electrodynamic Theory of the Atom"
- 2006 - "A Classical Electrodynamic Theory of the Nucleus"
- 2006 - "Derivation of the Classical Universal Electrodynamic Force"
- 2006 - "Derivation of the Universal Force Law, Part 1" (Read in full)
- 2006 - "Derivation of the Universal Force Law, Part 2" (Read in full)
- 2006 - "Derivation of the Universal Force Law, Part 3" (Read in full)
- 2006 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Gravity "
- 2006 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia"
- 2006 - "The Electrodynamic Origin of Life in Organic Molecules Such As DNA and Proteins"
- 2005 - "A Classical Electromagnetic Theory of Elementary Particles, Part 2, Intertwining Charge-Fibers" (Read in full)
- 2005 - "A Classical Electromagnetic Theory of Everything"
- 2005 - "Derivation of a Universal Electromagnetic Force Law for Finite-Size Elastic Charged Particles"
- 2004 - "A Classical Electromagnetic Theory of Elementary Particles, Part 1: Introduction" (Read in full)
- 2003 - "Credibility of Common Sense Science" (Read in full)
- 2003 - "A Physical Model for Atoms and Nuclei, Part 4: Blackbody Radiation and the Photoelectric Effect" (Read in full)
- 2003 - "A Physical Model for Atoms and Nuclei, Part 3: Spectral Lines" (Read in full)
- 2002 - "A Classical Electromagnetic Theory of Elementary Particles"
- 2002 - "A Physical Model for Atoms and Nuclei, Part 1: Structure of Atoms" (Read in full)
- 2002 - "A Physical Model for Atoms and Nuclei, Part 2: Structure of the Nucleus" (Read in full)
- 2001 - "A New Foundation for Modern Physics" (Read in full)
- 2000 - "Weber's Force Law for Realistic Finite-Size Elastic Particles"
- 1992 - "Electrodynamics of Real Particles vs. Maxwell's Equations, Relativity Theory and Quantum Mechanics"
- 1992 - "Overview of the Electrodynamic Approach to God's Creation and Daily sustaining of the Universe"
- 2013 - "The Universal Force Volume 1: Derived From a More Perfect Union of the Axiomatic and Empirical Scientific Methods" (Read in full)
- 2014 - "Fingerprints of the Creator: The Source of All Beauty in Nature"
- 2010 - The Origin of Symmetry and Beauty in the Universe (Video Lecture)
- 2009 - The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia (F = ma) (Video Lecture)